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A Brief Introduction To Photography

Updated: Aug 26, 2020

                    Picture-taking is more intricate than aiming at a subject and clicking the shutter button. It is a well-refined and ever-evolving process, artform, marketing asset, communication channel and a time capsule.

Types of photography:

Portrait photography -

portraiture is the process of capturing images of people, either individually or in groups. The goal is to display the mood, personality and emotion of the person.

Landscape photography - this form of photography focuses on capturing a wider scene, typically a horizon, like a mountain range, forest or ocean scene. Rather than focusing on a single object, the whole frame tries to capture a series of subjects together.

Night photography - this is taking photos in the dark. The digital camera uses a long shutter speed to capture scene details and also fires the camera's flash to illuminate the subject or foreground of the shot. This includes shooting things like street lights, carnivals, stars, fireworks, and skylines.

Photojournalism - this is a form of journalism in which a news story is offered primarily through images with a supplementary written copy.

The next time you look at a photograph, think about the different elements that make up the frame. There is a level of composition, lighting, the subject, and timing. With a slight adjustment of any of these elements, the photo can change drastically. From here, we can get even more technical, and talk about camera settings that can influence the outcome of the image - aperture, shutter speed, ISO, and exposure.

Important photography terminology:

Aperture - a camera lens can be adjusted to narrow or widen the opening to take in more light. This can make the image darker or lighter.

Shutter Speed - when you capture a subject, the shutter (opening) will flicker open and closed. Shutter speed is a measure of the time the shutter is open, given in seconds or fractions of a second.

ISO - A lower ISO number means less sensitivity and a higher ISO number means more sensitivity.

Exposure - this is similar to shutter speed. The exposure determines how light or dark an image will appear when it's been captured by your camera.

                        As a beginner, you can play around with the different levels of zoom available on the camera. Try changing the frame to a close-up or a long shot. Play around with different light settings - natural light, indoors, and at night. Learn about rules, like filling the frame, symmetry, simplification, leading lines, and the rule of thirds.

Photography techniques:

Leading Lines - This relates to a technique of composition where the observer of your photos attention is drawn to lines that lead to the central subject of the image.

Rule of Thirds - Photographers can divide the frame into nine imaginary sections. The subject of the image is placed at the junction of those dividing lines, or along one of the series itself.

Symmetry - As the definition goes, this is something that we see when the subject is the same on both sides. Like a reflection.

Why is photography such a fascinating topic to learn more about?

Images are important for capturing both personal moments, expressing emotions or an artistic vision, or relaying information.

Photography is a rewarding and engulfing act and one we highly recommend you explore further. Consider signing up for an online photography course or read more advanced guides on cameras, visual storytelling, and photography.

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